What Are The 5 Effects Of Water Pollution?

What are the effects of the pollution?

Pollution may muddy landscapes, poison soils and waterways, or kill plants and animals.

Humans are also regularly harmed by pollution.

Long-term exposure to air pollution, for example, can lead to chronic respiratory disease, lung cancer and other diseases..

What is the root cause of water pollution?

The causes of water pollution vary and may be both natural and anthropogenic. However, the most common causes of water pollution are the anthropogenic ones, including: Agriculture runoff – carrying fertilizers, pesticides/insecticides/herbicides and other pollutants into water bodies such as lakes, rivers, ponds).

What are the disadvantages of water pollution?

Microbial pollutants from sewage often result in infectious diseases that infect aquatic life and terrestrial life through drinking water. Microbial water pollution is a major problem in the developing world, with diseases such as cholera and typhoid fever being the primary cause of infant mortality.

What are the five effects of water pollution?

What Are the Consequences of Water Pollution?Destruction of aquatic flora and fauna. There are countless species of plants and animals which depend upon water for their survival, making them the most susceptible to water pollution. … Drinking water supplies. … Food chain disruption. … Agriculture. … Economic downturns.

What are the 10 causes of water pollution?

Various Causes of Water PollutionIndustrial Waste. … Sewage and Wastewater. … Mining Activities. … Marine Dumping. … Accidental Oil Leakage. … The burning of fossil fuels. … Chemical fertilizers and pesticides. … Leakage From Sewer Lines.More items…

How do humans affect water pollution?

Industrialization, discharge of domestic waste, radioactive waste, population growth, excessive use of pesticides, fertilizers and leakage from water tanks are major sources of water pollution. These wastes have negative effects on human health.

What are the long term effects of water pollution?

Some of these water-borne diseases are Typhoid, Cholera, Paratyphoid Fever, Dysentery, Jaundice, Amoebiasis and Malaria.Chemicals in the water also have negative effects on our health.Pesticides – can damage the nervous system and cause cancer because of the carbonates and organophosphates that they contain.More items…

What is water pollution causes and effects?

Water pollution is the release of substances into bodies of water that makes water unsafe for human use and disrupts aquatic ecosystems. Water pollution can be caused by a plethora of different contaminants, including toxic waste, petroleum, and disease-causing microorganisms.

What are the causes and effects of pollution?

High levels of air pollution can cause an increased risk of heart attack, wheezing, coughing, and breathing problems, and irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat. Air pollution can also cause worsening of existing heart problems, asthma, and other lung complications.

What will happen if we don’t fix water pollution?

If a fish or mammal eats a piece of trash, then it could die. Altered water temperatures caused by people can kill all aquatic life in a pond or a lake. Some health problems water pollution can cause include problems with people’s hearts, liver and kidneys. Also, it can cause diarrhea, cancer, and even cholera.

Who is affected by water pollution?

The main problem caused by water pollution is the effect it has on aquatic life. Dead fish, birds, dolphins, and many other animals often wind up on beaches, killed by pollutants in their habitat. Pollution disrupts the natural food chain as well. Pollutants such as lead and cadmium are eaten by tiny animals.

What is water pollution and its control?

Control of water pollution requires appropriate infrastructure and management plans. The infrastructure may include wastewater treatment plants. Sewage treatment plants and industrial wastewater treatment plants are usually required to protect water bodies from untreated wastewater.

What are the effects of water pollution?

Diseases: In humans, drinking or consuming polluted water in any way has many disastrous effects on our health. It causes typhoid, cholera, hepatitis and various other diseases. Destruction of Ecosystems: Ecosystems are extremely dynamic and respond to even small changes in the environment.

What are the 10 effects of water pollution?

EFFECTS OF WATER POLLUTIONDestruction of biodiversity. Water pollution depletes aquatic ecosystems and triggers unbridled proliferation of phytoplankton in lakes — eutrophication —.Contamination of the food chain. … Lack of potable water. … Disease. … Infant mortality.

What are the main causes of water pollution?

Some of the most common sources and causes of water pollution in the nation are detailed below.Runoff from Agricultural Operations. … Runoff and Nonpoint Source Pollution. … Industrial Activities. … Leakage from Underground Storage and Piping. … Leaking Sewers. … Vehicle Emissions. … Landfill Leakage. … Hazardous Waste.More items…•

What are examples of water pollution?

1.1 Water Pollution Water pollutants include contamination due to domestic wastes, insecticides and herbicides, food processing waste, pollutants from livestock operations, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), heavy metals, chemical waste, and others.

How can water pollution be stopped?

Don’t throw paints, oils or other forms of litter down the drain. Use environmentally household products, such as washing powder, household cleaning agents and toiletries. Take great care not to overuse pesticides and fertilisers. This will prevent runoffs of the material into nearby water sources.

What are the pros and cons of water pollution?

Water pollution is the dumping of foreign materials in water. Water pollution has the following advantages: helps in disposing harmful materials off the land surface and is inexpensive. Disadvantages of water pollution include: waterborne diseases, death of aquatic life and hindrance to boating activities.