Are Orisha Gods?

Who is the goddess of Oshun?

Oshun is commonly called the river orisha, or goddess, in the Yoruba religion and is typically associated with water, purity, fertility, love, and sensuality.

She is considered one of the most powerful of all orishas, and, like other gods, she possesses human attributes such as vanity, jealousy, and spite..

Which Orisha is St Michael?

Elegua is known as Èṣù-Ẹlẹ́gbára in the Yoruba religion and is closely associated with Eshu.

Who is the strongest Orisha?

Nigeria ṢàngóNigeria. Ṣàngó is viewed as the most powerful and feared of the orisha pantheon. He casts a “thunderstone” to earth, which creates thunder and lightning, to anyone who offends him.

How many gods are there in Yoruba?

401There are at least 401 recognized Orisha, or gods, in the Yoruba pantheon. Many of these Orisha are localized ancestral spirits or nature gods and are worshiped in relatively small areas.

Is IFA a voodoo?

Ifa is one of an interrelated network of religions with African roots, including Vodou, Santeria and Sango Baptism, that appear to be gaining popularity in the United States, including in Maryland, as some African-Americans seek a spiritual experience firmly grounded in their own cultural heritage.

What is Obatala the god of?

Obatala or Oshala (known as Obatalá in Latin America or Oxalá in Brazil) is an orisha. He is believed to be the Sky Father and the creator of human bodies, which were brought to life by the smooth breath of Olodumare. Obatala is the father of all orishas (irunmole or imole). His principal wife is Yemoo.

What killed Sango?

It is believed that Sango committed suicide by hanging himself in order to avoid humiliation from one of his powerful chiefs who ordered Sango to vacate his throne or face war.

Who is the Orisha of death?

ỌyaỌya (Yoruba: Ọya, also known as Oyá or Oiá; Yansá or Yansã; and Iansá or Iansã in Latin America) is an orisha of winds, lightning, and violent storms, death and rebirth. She is similar to the Haitian god Maman Brigitte, who is syncretised with the Catholic Saint Brigit.

Who are the Yoruba gods?

Àwọn òrìṣà Obinrin(Female Orishas)Ajé – orisha of wealth.Ayao – orisha of air.Yewa – orisha of the river Yewa. … Nàná Bùkùú – orisha of the river and of the earth.Ọbà – first wife of Ṣàngó and orisha of domesticity and marriage.Ọtìn – orisha of river, she is hunter and wife of Erinlẹ̀Olókun – orisha of the seas.More items…

Is olodumare male or female?

Also, whereas Obatala is the Chief male god, Oduduwa is the Chief female god (Lucas, 1948 p. 93). Olodumare, the Supreme deity, whose abode is in the sky (hence his other name Olorun – meaning owner of the heaven or sky) decided to create a solid earth.

Why does Oshun wear yellow?

Oshun is a mother: Her waters were central to the creation of humanity, and she looks after small children before they can speak. She’s also associated with wealth and is said to love shiny things. She’s often represented draped in yellow.

Where is Yoruba?

NigeriaYoruba, one of the three largest ethnic groups of Nigeria, concentrated in the southwestern part of that country. Much smaller, scattered groups live in Benin and northern Togo. The Yoruba numbered more than 20 million at the turn of the 21st century.

Is olodumare a God?

Olodumare (Yoruba: O-lo-dù-ma-rè) also known as Ọlọrun (Almighty) is the name given to one of the three manifestations of the Supreme God or Supreme Being. … Olodumare is the Supreme Creator. The Yoruba believe Olodumare is omnipotent and is also responsible for the creation of all life.

Is ESHU the devil?

From the time of the first English translations of Yorùbá words in the mid nineteenth century, Èṣù has been rendered as “devil” or “satan”. The first known instance of this came from Samuel Ajayi Crowther’s “Vocabulary of the Yoruba” (1842) where his entries for “Satan” and “Devil” had Eshu in English.

What does the word Orisha mean?

Definition. An orisha may be said to be a deity. … The word orisha is related to several other Yoruba words referring to the head.

What is Ashe in Yoruba?

Ase or ashe (from Yoruba àṣẹ) is a West African philosophical concept through which the Yoruba of Nigeria conceive the power to make things happen and produce change. … Existence, according to Yoruba thought, is dependent upon it.

How did Chango die?

Defeated in the eyes of the majority of his subjects, Shango left Oyo and committed suicide by hanging himself. His faithful followers, however, claimed that he really ascended to the heavens on a chain. They claimed that his disappearance was not death but merely the occasion of his transformation into an orisha.

How many Orisha gods are there?

Yoruba tradition often says that there are 400 + 1 Òrìṣà, which is associated with a sacred number. Other sources suggest that the number is “as many as you can think of, plus one more – an innumerable number.” Different oral traditions refer to 400, 700, or 1,440 orisha.

What is the Orisha religion?

The religion focuses on building relationships between human beings and powerful, but mortal, spirits, called Orishas. An Orisha is a manifestation of Olodumare (God). … According to Santeria teaching, the orishas are powerful but not immortal. They depend for survival on the sacrifice.

Is olorun a real God?

Olorun (Yoruba alphabet: Ọlọrun) is the ruler of (or in) the Heavens. The Supreme God or Supreme Being in the Yoruba pantheon, Olorun is also called Olodumare. Humans do not worship Olorun directly; there are no sacred areas of worship or ordained person.

Which Orisha helps with money?

Olokun is believed to be the parent of Aje, the orisha of great wealth and of the bottom of the ocean. Olokun is revered as the ruler of all bodies of water and for the authority over other water deities. Olokun is highly praised for their ability to give great wealth, health, and prosperity to their followers.